“Dennis’s distinctive contribution is to reveal in great detail how the Nazis understood and misunderstood, used and misused, selectively read and then appropriated bits and pieces of the Western tradition. Inhumanities again reminds us that the Nazi regime attacked what we understand to be the core values of the Western tradition. Yet they often did so in the name of defending Western civilization as its intellectuals, scholars, journalists and propagandists understood it. The book is an important advance in the scholarship about Nazi culture. Dennis’ tone is restrained yet the impact is powerful.” –Jeffrey Herf, author of Jewish Enemy: Nazi Propaganda during World War II and the Holocaust
“This is an ambitious and important book that conveys the immensely depressing conclusion that even intellectual and cultural figures of great creativity and imagination (Dante, Bach, Beethoven) are dangerously malleable in the hands of their interpreters. Scholars, students, and the general public need now look no further than Dennis’s book to find a cogent, reliable, and astute assessment of every Nazi attitude toward every canonical cultural figure of the western tradition, and a number of others besides.” –Celia Applegate, author of Bach in Berlin
‘David Dennis’s long awaited study of the metamorphosis of Nazi Kultur during World War II has arrived like a block-buster. The role that the regime gradually tailored for the finest artists and thinkers to serve a proposed new world order has been researched with the painstaking care of the true scholar, yet reported here with the elegance and thrust of a novelist. The book is more than a good read; it is destined to become a classic.” –Glenn Watkins, author of Proof through the Night: Music and the Great War
See last line.
MORITZ FÖLLMER (2013). THE SUBJECTIVE DIMENSION OF NAZISM. The Historical Journal, 56, pp 1107-1132 doi:10.1017/S0018246X13000393
May 11, 2014
David B. Dennis, Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations of Western Culture
Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations of Western Culture by David B. Dennis
Review by: Anthony J. Steinhoff
The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 86, No. 3 (September 2014), pp. 729-731
Published by: The University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/676736 .
Accessed: 08/11/2014 18:36
Dennis has read every article on culture published between 1920 and 1945 in the Nazi newspaper Völkischer Beobachter and turned it into a book. The result is a detailed compendium of the many ways in which the Nazis appropriated and abused Western culture, praising the “Nordic spirit” of Dürer and Shakespeare, turning Dante and Rembrandt into Germans, and settling accounts with “Jewish” artists like Heine and Mendelssohn. There are few surprises in these 450 pages of exegesis. Romanticism is good, Wagner is a prophet, social realism is bad, jazz is degenerate, Thomas Mann is a rootless cosmopolitan, and the music of “the Jew Schoenberg” is “sickly and convulsive.” We should nonetheless salute the author’s fortitude.
Here is an extensive interview about the book on this important new podcast site about academic literature:
Here is the introduction on the site:
by MARSHALL POE on AUGUST 8, 2014
I occasionally teach Western Civilization and you may have taken it in college. We all know the drill: Greeks-Romans-Dark Ages-Middle Ages-Renaissance-Reformation-Scientific Revolution-Enlightenment-Romanticism-Modernity. Or something like that. I teach Western Civilization as a “march of ideas”: Reason, Beauty, Freedom, Equality, Justice (caps intended) and the like. This way of telling the tale is sort of Whiggish, as historians like to say. It takes the liberal democratic present as its starting point and goes looking for the origins of a familiar now in an unfamiliar then. Flawed though it is, the “march of ideas” way of telling the story of the West works, at least for me, and I imagine it works for many of my colleagues.
It did not work for Nazis, for they did not believe ideas–liberal-democratic or otherwise–move history; rather, they believed races moved history, and more particularly the all-conquering Aryan race. Beginning from this premise, the Nazis re-imagined Western Civilization through a racist lense. The results, as David B. Dennis shows in his detailed, thoroughly-researched, and eye-opening book Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations of Western Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2012), were simply bizarre. Nazi writers–including many very learned academics–cast reason aside and “Aryanized” a past that was obviously not “Aryan” (whatever that means) in any way. The question, of course, is not whether any of it was true–it’s all the purest bunk. The question, rather, is whether anyone really believed it, a question David and I discuss at some length. Listen in.
English (Google) Translation